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Extensible Markup Language (XML)


Extensible Markup Language (XML) ist eine flexible, textbasierte Markup-Sprache, die zur Darstellung und zum Austausch strukturierter Daten zwischen verschiedenen Systemen und Plattformen verwendet wird. XML wurde von der World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) entwickelt und ist ein weit verbreiteter Standard für den Datenaustausch im Internet und in verschiedenen Anwendungen.Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a flexible, text-based markup language that is used to represent and exchange structured data between different systems and platforms. XML was developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and is a widely used standard for data exchange on the Internet and in various applications.

The main features of XML are

Self-describing structure: XML documents consist of a tree structure of elements that are characterized by tags. This structure makes it possible to present the data and their relationships clearly and comprehensibly.
Extensibility: XML allows users to define their own tags and data structures, making it very flexible and adaptable.
Platform independence: XML data can be used on different platforms and with different programming languages, which facilitates exchange between different systems.
Validation: XML supports the validation of data through the use of DTDs (Document Type Definitions) or XML Schemas, which define the structure and data types of a document.

The benefits of XML include:

  • Interoperability: By using standardized formats, XML data can be easily exchanged between different systems and applications.
  • Readability: The clearly defined structure of XML documents makes them easy to read and understand for both humans and machines.
  • Flexibility: XML can be used for a variety of applications, including web services, configuration files, databases and more.
  • Tools support: There are numerous tools and libraries that make working with XML easier, including parsers, editors and validation tools.

XML is used in many areas, including web development, e-commerce, data integration, message exchange and more. It is a fundamental tool for structured data exchange in modern information technology.
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